Holocene sea level changes

Database of Holocene sea level data in the Aegean Sea. From Vacchi, M., Rovere, A., Chatzipetros, A., Zouros, N., & Firpo, M. (2013). An updated database of Holocene relative sea level changes in NE Aegean Sea. Quaternary International, 328-329, 301–310.

Database of Holocene sea level data in the Aegean Sea. From Vacchi, M., Rovere, A., Chatzipetros, A., Zouros, N., & Firpo, M. (2013). An updated database of Holocene relative sea level changes in NE Aegean Sea. Quaternary International, 328-329, 301–310.

Changes in relative sea level (RSL) are the net effect of contributions from eustatic, isostatic, tectonic and other local factors, such as subsidence due to sediment compaction1. Holocene sea-level reconstructions are needed to constrain both vertical land movements and geophysical models of Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA), that are in turn used to correct sea level measurements obtained with instrumental measures, such as tide gauges. Therefore, regional Holocene RSL datasets, surveyed following standardized protocols, represent a long-term baseline against which to assess changes in sea level during the past century and to evaluate sea-level changes in the 21st century at local and regional scale. While accurate Holocene RSL datasets are available for some areas RSL reconstructions for a region highly vulnerable to future sea level rise such as Southeast Asia are still limited, fragmentary and there are still problems associated with the correct interpretation of sea-level indicators and their relationship to sea level, and with the quality of age determinations.

In this topic, we work to answer questions related to the use of different kinds of RSL markers and to the reconstruction of Holocene sea level histories.

Active projects

  • Mediterranean Holocene sea level changes (collaboration with Dr. M. Vacchi)
  • Reef terraces and Holocene sea level changes, Maldives (collaboration with Prof. A. Droxler)

Closest collaborations

  • Paolo Stocchi, NIOZ, Netherlands
  • Matteo Vacchi, CEREGE, France
  • Thomas Mann, ZMT Bremen, Germany
  • Fabrizio Antonioli, ENEA, Italy
  • Andre Droxler, Rice University, US

Publications (since March 2014)

Antonioli, F., Lo Presti, V., Rovere, A., Ferranti, L., Anzidei, M., Furlani, S., Mastronuzzi, G., Orrú P.E., Scicchitano, G., Sannino, G., Spampinato, C.R., Pagliarulo, R., Deiana, G., De Sabata, E., Sansó, P., Vacchi, M., Vecchio, A. (2015). Tidal notches in Mediterranean Sea: a comprehensive analysis. Quaternary Science Reviews, 119(5), 66–84. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.016.

Harris, D.L., Webster, J.M., Vila-Concejo, A., Hua, Q., Yokoyama, Y., Reimer, P.J., 2015. Late Holocene sea-level fall and turn-off of reef flat carbonate production: Rethinking bucket fill and coral reef growth models. Geology 43, 1–4. doi:10.1130/G35977.